Red heart pierced by the Cupid’s arrow is a traditional symbol of Valentine’s Day. Heart symbolizes love and giving someone a heart means to hand over one’s existence to someone. A heart pierced by a Cupid’s arrow means that when someone presents a heart, the person takes the risk of being rejected and feeling hurt. Piercing arrow therefore symbolizes death and vulnerability of love. Some people also believe that the heart and arrow symbolizes the uniting of male and a female.
Today, one finds great use of red heart symbol especially heart shaped red balloons in Valentine’s Day decoration. Stuffed red heart decorated with a lace is a popular Valentine’s Day Gift.
The Origin of Valentine’s Day Hearts comes from around 12th Century people were not aware the function of heart was to circulate blood inside the human body. What they knew was that heart begins to beat faster when a person is upset or excited. They, therefore, derived that heart was the seat of emotions and feelings. Poets too eulogized the role of heart in feelings of love and romance and over the years this make believe connection between heart and love became deep seated in the minds of people. Today, even though it has been scientifically proved that emotions come from the brain heart remains a powerful symbol of love and Valentine’s Day.
A heart (red or pink) with an arrow piercing through it is the most common shape and look for a Valentines, and even candles, candies, cookies, cakes, figurines, stuffed images, etc. The heart is a symbol both of love and also vulnerability.
When you send someone a Valentine, you take a risk of being rejected and your feelings hurt. So a piercing arrow is a symbol of death and the vulnerability of love. On the other hand, the heart and arrow also symbolize the merging of the male and female as one.
In the 12th century, physicians believed that the heart was the seat of love and affection in the human body. But the actual biological shape of the human heart does not look like the heart as we see it today. Why? Well, some people are guessing that the Valentine heart-shape as we know it today was done by a doodler to represent the human female shape or the imprint of lips (wearing lipstick) made upon a piece of paper. Once again, it’s all on how you want to spin the story!
Spinel is generally highly sought after by gem connoisseurs, and well-formed spinel crystals are in high demand among collectors. Spinel that has no inclusions visible to the eye is more valuable than spinel with inclusions that can be seen. The more visible any inclusions are, the more the value drops.
GIA Certified 4.19 Carat unheated and untreated Natural Spinel & Diamond Solid 14k White Gold Cocktail Ring. This gemstone collector’s dream boasts an extra large 3.00 carat Top Gem Near Flawless VVS2 Clarity Spinel with the highly sought after vivid Pink-Purple color found only in the finest Unheated specimens of this extremely rare gemstone. The exotic one of a kind gem is surrounded by 52 big size hand cut and hand set top quality near flawless to eye clean VS2-SI1 clarity colorless & near colorless F-G color accent diamonds totaling a generous 1.19 carats with extraordinary sparkle and fire, all coming together in an elegant first class solid 14k white gold setting.
The most outstanding Spinel in size, color, and quality is from Burma. Other sources of gem Spinel are Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand, Tadjikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Tanzania, and Madagascar. In Burma (now known as Myanmar), where some of the most beautiful colors are mined, spinel was recognize as a separate gem species as early as 1587. In other countries the masquerade went on for hundreds of years. Spinels were most often referred to as ‘balas rubies’, which may have referred to their color or their country of origin. Spinel is a durable gemstone that is perfect for all jewelry uses. It is most often faceted in oval, round, or cushion shapes and is not currently found in calibrated sizes due to its rarity.
The name spinel comes from the Latin “spina,” meaning thorn and the Greek word for spark, alluding to the gem’s intense color and the spikey crystals present in certain varieties.
With its strength and beauty, spinel is commonly mistaken for diamond, ruby or sapphire. However, this gem is exceptional in its own rights. Unfortunately, the global market is currently facing a dwindling supply of spinel, making this a stone precious due to limited availability.
Purple is the color that is able to attract people’s attention. Its a color of the nobles who had stable properties, mystery, self-esteem, high aspirations and quiet. Purple gemstone example: Spinel, Pink diamond, Tourmaline, Morganite.
Emeralds are the green variety of the mineral beryl, whose more-common blue counterparts are known as aquamarines. Emeralds are fascinating gemstones deriving its name from Greek word smargdos, which means green stone.
While the first emerald mine is often said to have belonged to Cleopatra, emeralds in Egypt actually go back to the beginning of Ptolemaic period, about 300 BC. Emeralds were actively mined there until about 1500, when demand ebbed after Spanish conquistadors appropriated the high-grade beryl mines that were tended by native South Americans in what is now Columbia. Today, mines in Muzo and Chivor, Columbia, continue to be leading sources of pure-green emeralds, although the industrial methods used to extract the stones is thought to do needless damage to the emeralds themselves. Emerald, May’s birthstone, has been prized for thousands of years for its lush green gemstone hues and rare beauty. Emeralds symbolize eternal hope, rebirth and the arrival of spring and some cultures believed the gem rewards its owners with love, intelligence and eloquence as well.
From an elegant emerald pendant and a dazzling pair of emerald earrings to an opulent emerald cocktail ring and a stunning emerald bracelet – an piece of emerald jewelry is nature’s greenery set in stone.
An exquisite certified 2.85 Carat Natural Colombian Emerald and Diamond Estate Ring. This exceptionally rare and unique ring boasts a big Colombian Emerald with a stunning natural vivid green color. The natural emerald weighs in at an impressive 1.80 Carats and features SI clarity with moderate inclusions. This world class gemstone is set in a master crafted solid 18k white gold setting and features 1.05 carats of VS1-SI1 clarity near colorless G color round brilliant natural accent diamonds. The rich green glimmer of emerald makes it an ideal medium for pieces with a touch of fantasy.
A magnificent vintage emerald and diamond necklace . This impressive piece with 12 carats of diamonds and over 15 carats of natural emeralds is a monumental example of craftsmanship and time intensive work. The piece has approximately 2000 diamonds set into this piece as the stones go all the way around the neck. It’s wonderful vintage design and sparkling diamonds holds an undeniable air of old world luxury and elegance. It is truly an outstanding work of wearable art and it must be seen in person to be fully appreciated! Sixteen generously sized natural emeralds are securely prong set throughout the front of this piece. They are oval and round in shape and they have a lovely green hue that is well saturated. The emeralds have a luscious color and above average clarity, especially considering they are emeralds going for a necklace. The diamonds are closely set allowing for amazing sparkle! The diamonds face-up white and they are clean to the naked eye showing no visible inclusions. This is a rare one of a kind treasure that is certainly a statement piece which will make you the envy of all of your friends! This glamorous piece is made from solid 14 karat yellow gold and topped with sterling silver. The necklace weighs a substantial 68 grams and it measures 18 inches in length. The metal work and old world design is truly fantastic with beautifully intricate details.
Exceptional color meets bold elegance in this gemstone necklace featuring vivid Zambian emeralds and diamonds bezel set in rich 18k yellow gold. This necklace is part of a contemporary set designed by Marina Bulgari, granddaughter of the famed Sotirio Bulgari, including matching drop earrings.
A group of gemologists have claimed that the world’s largest blue star sapphire has been discovered in a mine in Sri Lanka. The gem, which was mined in the city of Ratnapura in southern Sri Lanka, has been certified by gemologists in the country’s capital, Colombo, as weighing 1,404.49 carats. The previous blue star sapphire record holder weighed 1,395cts. The gem is valued at around $100 million but according to the BBC the current owner estimates that it could sell for up to $175 million at auction. The tropical island of Sri Lanka is considered a paradise by many. In fact, it is a common Muslim belief that the Prophet Adam traveled to Sri Lanka to live out his days after he was cast out of Eden. That’s why the anonymous owner of the world’s largest blue star sapphire, recently discovered in a Sri Lankan mine, has named it the Star of Adam. The gem weighs in at a staggering 1,404 carats, and is said to be worth north of $300 million. Unconfirmed reports suggest that the amazing blue star sapphire was found in a mine near Ratnapura, Sri Lanka in late 2015, and has just now been publicly revealed. Of note, Ratnapura is the capital city of Sabaragamuwa Province, and is nicknamed the city of gems. The unique feature of blue star sapphire is that while they appear opaque on casual inspection, when placed under a relatively bright light, it will show a perfect six-pointed star in the center of the gem.
Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon) is an island southeast of India with unusual geological origins. Almost 90% of Sri Lanka sits on Precambrian formations that are close to 2 billion years old, and these ancient upwellings contain deposits of high quality gemstones at various locations across the islands. Most of the biggest and best gem-quality stones are found in the highland mountains of the country associated with extremely old alluvial deposits. Sri Lanka is known for its abundance of gemstones and is famous for its blue sapphires, star sapphires, and cat’s eyes. Most of the gems are eroded from streams in the mountains and then flowed down into sand beds of ancient rivers. These sand beds turned into sedimentary rock over millions of years. The gemstones eventually “weather out” of the sandstone-type rock surrounding them, and since they are harder than the rock, they withstand the test of time and usually their original size. Miners have searched the riverbeds of the country for centuries, and this new discovery is more proof that there are still more large gems to be found.
The owner of the record blue star sapphire would not say how much he paid for the gem or who he bought it from. “The moment I saw it, I decided to buy. I suspected that it might be the world’s largest blue star sapphire. So I took a risk and bought it,” he told the BBC in a recent interview. He said he calls the gem “The Star of Adam” because of the Muslim belief about the biblical Adam traveling to Sri Lanka.
Sri Lanka’s Minister of Industry and Commerce Rishad Bathiudeen noted that gem exports had increased by 135% over the last few years, from $70 million in 2010 to $165 million in 2014.
“It is projected that the global gem and jewelry demand would increase at an annual rate of 6% till 2020,” Bathiudeen commented a few months ago. Gem industry experts note the increase in demand for blue star sapphires demand is likely related to interest in the Duchess of Cambridge’s engagement ring, formerly owned by the deceased Princess Diana, which includes a massive Ceylon Blue sapphire. According to the National Gem and Jewelry Authority of Sri Lanka, publicity surrounding the British royal ring has been a major boon for Sri Lankan sapphires. Gemological Institute of Colombo (GIC) certified that they have found the largest Blue star sapphire in Sri Lanka. This gem weighs 1404.49 carats. The gem holds the value of at least $100m. This gem was mined in the city of Ratnapura, Sri Lanka. The current owner of this gem has named it The Star of Adam. Blue star sapphires are named blue star because of the distinctive mark found at their center. This is to note that Ratnapura in Sri Lanka is also known as the City of Gems. Until now, the previous record holder of having largest blue star sapphire weighed 1,395 carats. On the other hand, in 2013, a 17kg (2st 9lb) rock containing sapphires was also found but the final weight of the gems inside it was not stated.
Sri Lanka is already known for naturally occurring gems. Geologically, ninety percent of the rocks present in Sri Lanka are of Precambrian age (i.e. about 560 million to 2,400 million years old). This aspect of Sri Lanka makes it a country where rich sedimentary residual gem deposits can be found. Sri Lanka is known in world for its blue sapphires. These blue sapphires from Sri Lanka are also known as Ceylon Sapphire.
Before Blur Star Sapphire, a gem named Star of India was also mined in Sri Lanka. The Star of India was claimed to be one of the largest star sapphire in the world. The Star of India weighed 563.35-carat (112.67 g) and it is currently kept in the American Museum of Natural History in New York City, USA.
Glistening bright colors, bold contrasts and profuse proportions are Bulgari style through and through. Bulgari is the brand that brought sparkle to ‘la dolce vita’ with their cascades of colorful cabochon cut sapphires, thick gold chokers set with ancient Roman coins and rings with attitude that make most other jewelers seem coy and retiring. This strong house style shines through in the latest high jewelry pieces. The history of Bulgari reads like a novel. Son of a family of silversmiths, the enterprising and skilled craftsman Sotirio Boulgaris (1858-1932) emigrated from his native Greece following the outbreak of war in the Balkans between the Russians and the Turks. Sotirio Bulgari, as he later became known, eventually found his way to Rome. At one point, following a robbery at his fledgling Naples store, he found himself with 80 cents in his pocket selling silver objects from a stall in front of the French Academy in Rome. Lack of a licence soon stopped him from trading but in three days he had made enough to move on and secured a corner to display his wares in the window of Greek sponge merchant. By 1900, Bulgari set up his first shop selling silver, antiques, jewels, bric-a-brac and “curiosities” at 28 via dei Condotti. From there he prospered and expanded, with his two sons eventually taking over and concentrating on the antique silver and jewelry-making side of the business. Their move into 10 via dei Condotti in 1905 and its subsequent expansion and remodeling sums up their growing success and role as purveyors of fine jewelry against a back drop of antique silver. Sotirio’s grandsons Gianni, Paolo and Nicola nurtured the fame and strong style of the house that delighted the dolce vita crowd and subsequent incarnations of the ‘beautiful people’ du jour. Throughout these years, Bulgari has become a legend wreathed in glamorous tales and an air of seductive and infectious indulgence only the Italians can pull off in style. Richard Burton, while filming “Cleopatra” at Cinecitta, remarked of his 1963 visit to the Condotti shop to buy Elizabeth Taylor a ring: “I introduced her to beer, and she introduced me to Bulgari.” Andy Warhol would stop by the shop when he visited Rome “because it is the best exhibition of contemporary art”and queen of Italian style, Sofia Loren was often snapped darting through the elaborately faceted glass door of the Condotti boutique. And with pieces like these, the glamour of Bulgari lives on, tempting divas to indulge their passion for sumptuous and sexy jewels.
Award-winning designer Judith Ripka inspires those who appreciate style, design and uncompromising quality.
Taught to see the beauty in all the little things around us by her mother, each piece of jewelry Judith designs is an expression of the beauty in the world as shared through the eyes of her mother.
Taking a cue from her busy life of wife, mother and grandmother, Judith creates versatile, classic jewelry with a special modern twist. Women of all generations are repeatedly captivated by Judith Ripka’s elaborate flair for detail. Judith’s strong connection with her clients is as impressive as her jewelry; often working side-by-side with clients, Judith finds joy in sharing her unique interpretation of color, gemstones, metals and overall design.
To create jewelry of understated elegance for women of impeccable taste worldwide that is appropriate for all the roles that a woman plays in her life. Founded on Judith’s desire to share her passion for fine jewelry, The Judith Ripka Companies, Inc. prides itself on using only the finest diamonds, colored precious gemstones, pearls and unique one-of-a-kind stones, sourced throughout the world by Judith herself.
To continue to design and craft jewelry of the utmost quality, Judith Ripka is committed to nurturing relationships with our European artisans, who have been exclusively dedicated to the manufacturing needs of The Judith Ripka Companies, Inc. for over 15 years. Looking forward to domestic and international growth, Judith Ripka reflects on the passion and pride, which has enabled the company to transcend its humble beginnings. With these beliefs, The Judith Ripka Companies, Inc. lays the foundation to envision new goals, meet potential challenges and realize the rewards in future global expansion.
Whether passion for her jewelry or passion for her family, Judith Ripka’s verve for life sparkles with unmatched brilliance. Always carving out time to partake in charity endeavors and support the arts, Judith, her husband, Ronald J. Berk, and her two sons, David and Brian Ripka, are committed to making a difference.
Recognizing Judith’s strengths, the Woman’s Council for the North Shore Community Hospital selected her to design their charity pin, fusing Judith Ripka’s jewelry design expertise with her desire to “give back” to her community. Raising awareness for women’s health became the firs of many medical causes for Judith to affiliate herself with.
Playing an active role in the Crohn’s and Colitis Foundation of America, Ronald McDonald House, Juvenile Diabetes and The Children’s Medical Fund, Judith gravitates towards assisting youth with acute medical needs. Nationally recognized for her extraordinary dedication, Judith was invited to Washington by the then incumbent First Lady for a Women’s Leadership Council forum focusing on children’s healthcare, as well as invited to join the Steering Committee for the Rita Hayworth Gala in support of the Alzheimer’s Association. Judith is an active member on the Board of Directors at the Einstein Medical Center.
Commissioned by the United States Holocaust Museum, the Mother’s Voices AIDS organization and the Long Island Philharmonic to design commemorative pieces of jewelry; Judith Ripka is devoted to inspiring others through her craft.
With bold intensity and radiant color in both 18k Gold and Sterling Silver, Judith Ripka’s consistent design philosophy over the brand’s 37-year history has made it a favorite among fashion trendsetters and style-savvy women around the world. The brand has become known for an immediately identifiable design DNA rooted in a timelessness and tradition which will appear forever modern. Known as the Queen of Hearts, Judith Ripka incorporates a matte finish, texturing, vibrant color, and, of course, hearts into almost every design. The attention to craftsmanship and materialization are evident in the intricate detailing and use of the highest quality stones and metals. Most recognized for her distinctive celadon gold alloy, 18k gold matte finish, and custom faceting of colored gemstones and diamonds.
Judith strikes a unique balance of uptown sophistication and downtown chic. “It’s about striking the balance between the elegance of a classic woman with the fashion sense of today’s modern woman,” states Judith Ripka. Available in fine jewelry stores around the world, Judith Ripka Ltd. was ranked as one of the top five fine jewelry brands in the US by Women’s Wear Daily in 2013, and is perceived as one of the most desirable and trusted luxury jewelry brands in the world.
Among her many milestones, Judith Ripka was chosen as one of “The Leading Women Entrepreneurs of the World” and received the DeBeer’s Award for Outstanding Jewelry Design.
Inspired by the Harry Winston archives, each piece in the Incredibles is a one-of-a-kind expression of the House’s iconic style. Handcrafted in platinum and set with the world’s finest diamonds and precious gemstones, each magnificent design represents the culmination of efforts between the House’s expert gemologists, master craftsmen, and designers working together to create jewels of incomparable beauty and brilliance.
Harry Winston (the late Harry Winston that is – a celebrity in his day, but one whose identity was kept secret from the public for insurance reasons), jewelry designers themselves just aren’t front page news these days, unless, their store is ambushed by a gang of robbers on motorcycles in broad daylight.
Part of the reason for this is, as in Harry Winston’s case, security. Jewelry designers, by their very nature, are involved with such precious materials that it’s sometimes better if their faces aren’t as recognizable as the evening news readers’. But the other reason is a far more complex one. Jewelry, when done well, is an art form, and the people who design it are artists. And it is their art, rather than their personalities, that matters.
Inspired by the Harry Winston archives, each piece in the Incredibles is a one-of-a-kind expression of the House’s iconic style. Handcrafted in platinum and set with the world’s finest diamonds and precious gemstones, each magnificent design represents the culmination of efforts between the House’s expert gemologists, master craftsmen, and designers working together to create jewels of incomparable beauty and brilliance. 9 oval sapphires weighing a total of approximately 87.73 carats, with 216 marquise, pear-shaped and round brilliant diamonds weighing a total of approximately 78.07 carats, set in platinum.
Few brands have such an illustrious history as the House of Harry Winston. Founded in New York City in 1932, by Mr. Harry Winston – an innate gemologist, an intuitive business man, and a dedicated philanthropist – the brand continues to set the standard for the ultimate in fine jewelry and high-end watchmaking. Known throughout his life as the “King of Diamonds,” and the “Jeweler to the Stars,” Mr. Winston’s innovative design philosophy – in which the individual gemstones, rather than the metal settings, would dictate each design – helped to revolutionize fine jewelry designs, and remains at the cornerstone of a timeless aesthetic that continues to inspire all Harry Winston creations. From the acquisition of some of the world’s most famous gemstones, including the Jonker, Hope, and Winston Legacy Diamonds, to adorning generations of famous faces, from Hollywood legends to international Heads of State, for over eight decades, the Harry Winston name has been synonymous with the best that there is. Today, the House of Harry Winston continues its tradition of creativity, rarity, and quality without compromise in its retail salons around the world, including: New York, London, Paris, Geneva, Tokyo, Hong Kong, and Shanghai.
Inspired by the Harry Winston archives, each piece in the Incredibles is a one-of-a-kind expression of the House’s iconic style. Handcrafted in platinum and set with the world’s finest diamonds and precious gemstones, each magnificent design represents the culmination of efforts between the House’s expert gemologists, master craftsmen, and designers working together to create jewels of incomparable beauty and brilliance. 31 rubies weighing a total of approximately 56.90 carats, with 186 pear-shaped and round brilliant diamonds weighing a total of approximately 29.74 carats, set in platinum and 18K yellow gold.
Since opening his doors in 1932, Harry Winston has established a brand well beyond recognition. From the legacy of the Hope Diamond to the sparkle of the red carpet, the diamonds from the House of Harry Winston have become an icon of international glamour. There are few things dreamier than a Harry Winston engagement ring. And the most many of us will ever do is dream about them as they sit outside the lines of our budgets (sigh). Even if chances are that we won’t be sporting a Harry Winston ring on our fingers in the near future, a girl can still hope or at least get inspired by these timeless designs.
An oval-shaped diamond center stone, framed by micropavé diamonds, set on a micropavé band. The timeless glamour of the micropavé setting has quickly become an iconic Harry Winston style. Set in a delicate, feminine design, each ring is meticulously hand-crafted, to highlight the diamond’s graceful beauty. Available with center stones from 1.00 to 2.50 carats, with micropavé on frame and band, set in platinum.
Looking for Harry Winston Jewelry?
Spectacular Vivid Blue Color & Tremendous Size” GIA Certified 8.83 Carat Natural Blue Zircon and Diamond Cocktail Ring.
This extraordinary Top Gem Blue Zircon features the vivid & intense greenish blue color only found in the finest Cambodian zircon specimens.
This world class ring features a generous.41 carats of beautiful near flawless VVS1-VS1 clarity colorless & near colorless F-G round brilliant accent diamonds elegantly set in a master crafted solid 18k white gold setting.
These extra-large accent diamonds will draw attention from across the room.
Very little exists on its website, or anywhere else on the web, of the next-to-priceless jewels that make up the Stephen Russell collection. This wonderful curator of antique and fine jewelry is among the very few dealers whose devotion to discretion has helped retain their reputation as a cache of marvelous jewelry. To see the exemplary Stephen Russell collection, one must go about it the old-fashioned way: visit its brick-and-mortar shop in New York in person.
Situated on the corner of 76th Street and New York’s famed Madison Avenue, the luxury shopping strip with the world’s finest retail stores stacked one after another in the Upper East Side, the handsome tony shop of Stephen Russell houses some of the finest pieces of jewelry on earth. Since its establishment in 1984, countless extraordinary and important pieces by legendary jewelers, including Boivin, Boucheron, Cartier, Suzanne Belperron, and Van Cleef & Arpels, have passed through the hands of Stephen Russell’s visionary founders, Stephen Feuerman and Russell Zelenetz.
Between the two of them each possessing over 25 years of experience and their incalculable passion for superior antique jewelry, the dynamic duo pride their collection on the basis of their appreciation for and understanding of the fine craftsmanship, technical mastery and exquisite detail found in antique jewelry. Fastidious, well thought-out acquisitions of particular pieces from a wide variety of periods has formed a collection well worthy of its own museum exhibit. While the jewelry in the collection may be anywhere from several decades to even thousands of years old, every piece exudes a contemporary spirit, an important characteristic that keeps the collection consistently cohesive. Stephen Russell also boasts jewelry of its very own design, a refined contemporary collection inspired by antique cuts and settings as well as the classic lines of the Art Deco period with a subtle mix of modern style.
Notably, Stephen Russel jewelry has been featured at select museum exhibitions and in catalogs, including theBijou Art Deco Et Avant-Garde exhibition at the Musée des Arts Décoratifs in Paris and Set in Style: The Jewelry of Van Cleef & Arpels at the Cooper-Hewitt, Nation Design Museum, in New York City. Stephen Russell also contributed to the recently published book Suzanne Belperron, by Sylvie Raulet and Olivier Baroin, which helped renew interest in the jeweler.
Images of some pieces in Stephen Russell’s collection of jewelry, both past and present.
A Magnificent Platinum & Diamond Art Deco Clip by Cartier, London, circa 1930.
This is the world’s 2nd largest known and most important gem quality natural Copper & Manganese Bearing Paraiba tourmaline with a record setting size.
The MUSEUM QUALITY “INVESTMENT GRADE” GIA CERTIFIED 62.12 carat estate cocktail ring features a beyond rare Internally Flawless Clarity Natural Paraiba Tourmaline.
The “Absolutely Stunning” 100% natural master cut gemstone offers the highly sought after VIVID Neon Greenish Blue Color weighing in at a GIANT 59.10 carats.
Not only is this one of the world’s largest, it is also one of the world’s best Paraiba Tourmalines that is privately owned by Hollywood royalty.
The important spectacular gemstone is set in solid platinum and surrounded by 192 Near Flawless VS/F-G sparkling accent diamonds totaling 3.02 carats.
There is one Paraiba Tourmaline mined for every 10,000 diamonds making it among the rarest of all gemstones in the world favored by connoisseur collectors worldwide. These cupriferous tourmalines from the Mina da Batalha in the Federal Brazilian State of Paraiba are small, rare and precious. Their spirited turquoise to green colors are such as are not found in any other gemstone in the world. The exclusiveness of this legendary find makes these rare gemstones real treasures.
Paraiba – the word has a particular fascination for the connoisseur, for it is the name of a gemstone with blue to green tones of extraordinary vividness. It was not discovered until very recently, that is to say in the 1980s. The world has one man and his unshakable belief to thank for the discovery of this unique gemstone: Heitor Dimas Barbosa. Tirelessly, he and his assistants spent years digging in the pegmatite galleries of some modest hills in the Federal Brazilian State of Paraiba.
Brazil is the classical country of tourmalines. Members of this splendid gemstone group come in practically all the colors of the rainbow. For a long time, however, a radiant turquoise was lacking – that is, until the discovery of that precious deposit in Paraiba.
Normally, iron, manganese, chrome and vanadium are the elements responsible for the beautiful coloring in tourmalines. The Paraiba tourmaline is different: it owes its splendid color to copper, an element which has never before been observed in a tourmaline. Indeed quite a fair proportion of its weight consists of copper. But scientists have discovered that it often also contains manganese.
In the Paraiba tourmaline, the interplay between these two elements gives rise to a variety of fascinatingly beautiful colors: emerald green, turquoise to sky blue, sapphire blue, indigo, bluish-violet, and purple. Certain proportions in the mixture of copper and manganese can also result in pale grey to violet-blue tones. Copper in high concentrations is responsible for the highly coveted radiant blue, turquoise and green hues, while violet and red tones are caused by manganese. By means of the burning technique, experienced cutters can eliminate the red color components, with the result that only a pure copper color remains.
However, the extraordinary vividness of the Paraiba tourmalines does not reveal itself until the stone has been cut. Faceted, they scintillate a really unusual ‘fire’ and appear to glow intensely even when there is very little light. That is why their color is often referred to as ‘electric’ or ‘neon’. The aura of these treasures of Nature is both fresh and spirited at the same time. The ‘swimming-pool-blue’ of a Paraiba tourmaline positively flashes with vivacity, and you don’t have to be an expert to see it.